Run CrateDB on Ubuntu

CrateDB maintains packages for the following Ubuntu versions:

Table of contents


CrateDB requires a Java virtual machine (JVM) to run.

CrateDB versions 4.2 and above include a JVM and do not require a separate installation.

Earlier versions require Java 11 to be installed.

To run CrateDB on Ubuntu releases older than 18.04, you will need to install Java from a third-party repository. This can be done by adding the OpenJDK PPA:

sh$ sudo add-apt-repository ppa:openjdk-r/ppa
sh$ sudo apt-get update
sh$ sudo apt-get install -y openjdk-11-jre-headless

Configure Apt

Firstly, you will need to configure Apt (the Ubuntu package manager) to trust the CrateDB repository.

Download the CrateDB GPG key:

sh$ wget

And then add the key to Apt:

sh$ sudo apt-key add DEB-GPG-KEY-crate

CrateDB provides a stable release and a testing release channel. At this point, you should select which one you wish to use.

Create an Apt configuration file, like so:

sh$ sudo touch /etc/apt/sources.list.d/crate-CHANNEL.list

Here, replace CHANNEL with stable or testing, depending on which type of release channel you plan to use.

Then, edit it, and add the following:

deb CODENAME main
deb-src CODENAME main

Here, replace CHANNEL as above, and then, additionally, replace CODENAME with the codename of your distribution, which can be round by running:

sh$ source /etc/os-release && echo $UBUNTU_CODENAME

Once that is done, update Apt:

sh$ sudo apt-get update

You should see a success message. This indicates that the CrateDB release channel is correctly configured and the crate package has been registered locally.

You can now install CrateDB.

Install CrateDB

With everything set up, you can install CrateDB, like so:

sh$ sudo apt-get install crate

After the installation is finished, the crate service should be up-and-running.

You should be able to access it by visiting:


See also

If you’re new to CrateDB, check out our our first use documentation.

Control CrateDB

With Xenial Xerus (15.04) and above, you can control the crate service like so:

sh$ sudo systemctl COMMAND crate

With Trusty Tahr (14.04), you should use:

sh$ sudo service crate COMMAND

In both instances, replace COMMAND with start, stop, restart, status, etc.


Be sure to read the guide to rolling upgrades and full restart upgrades before attempting to upgrade a running cluster.


Configuration files

The main CrateDB configuration files are located in the /etc/crate directory.


The CrateDB startup script sources environment variables from the /etc/default/crate file.

Here’s one example:

# Heap Size (defaults to 256m min, 1g max)

# Maximum number of open files, defaults to 65535.

# Maximum locked memory size. Set to "unlimited" if you use the
# bootstrap.mlockall option in crate.yml. You must also set

# Additional Java OPTS

# Force the JVM to use IPv4 stack

Customized setups

A full list of package files can be obtained with this command:

sh$ dpkg-query -L crate

If you want to deviate from the way that the crate package integrates with your system, we recommend that you go with a basic tarball installation.