Array comparisons

An array comparison operator tests the relationship between two arrays and returns a corresponding value of true, false, or NULL.

Table of contents

IN (value [, ...])

Syntax:

expression IN (value [, ...])

Here’s an example:

cr> select 1 in (1,2,3) AS a, 4 in (1,2,3) AS b;
+------+-------+
| a    | b     |
+------+-------+
| TRUE | FALSE |
+------+-------+
SELECT 1 row in set (... sec)

The IN operator returns true if any of the right-hand values matches the left-hand operand. Otherwise, it returns false (including the case where there are no right-hand values).

The operator returns NULL if:

  • The left-hand expression evaluates to NULL
  • There are no matching right-hand values and at least one right-hand value is NULL

ANY/SOME (array expression)

Syntax:

expression comparison ANY | SOME (array_expression)

Here, comparison can be any basic comparison operator. Objects and arrays of objects are not supported for either operand.

Here’s an example:

cr> select 1 = any ([1,2,3]) AS a, 4 = any ([1,2,3]) AS b;
+------+-------+
| a    | b     |
+------+-------+
| TRUE | FALSE |
+------+-------+
SELECT 1 row in set (... sec)

The ANY operator returns true if the defined comparison is true for any of the values in the right-hand array expression.

The operator returns false if the comparison returns false for all right-hand values or there are no right-hand values.

The operator returns NULL if:

  • The left-hand expression evaluates to NULL
  • There are no matching right-hand values and at least one right-hand value is NULL

Tip

When doing NOT <value> = ANY(<array_col>), query performance may be degraded because special handling is required to implement the 3-valued logic. To achieve better performance, consider using the ignore3vl function.

ALL (array_expression)

Syntax:

value comparison ALL (array_expression)

Here, comparison can be any basic comparison operator. Objects and arrays of objects are not supported for either operand.

Here’s an example:

cr> SELECT 1 <> ALL(ARRAY[2, 3, 4]) AS x;
+------+
| x    |
+------+
| TRUE |
+------+
SELECT 1 row in set (... sec)

The ALL operator returns true if the defined comparison is true for all values in the right-hand array expression.

The operator returns false if the comparison returns false for all right-hand values.

The operator returns NULL if:

  • The left-hand expression evaluates to NULL
  • No comparison returns false and at least one right-hand value is NULL

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