System ColumnsΒΆ

On every table CrateDB implements several implicitly defined system columns. Their names are reserved and cannot be used as user-defined column names. All system columns are prefixed with an underscore, consist of lowercase letters and might contain underscores in between.

CrateDB uses an internal versioning for every row, the version number is increased on every write. This column can be used for Optimistic Concurrency Control, see Optimistic Concurrency Control for usage details.

This internal system column is available on all documents retrieved by a SELECT query. It is representing the scoring ratio of the document related to the used query filter and makes most sense on fulltext searches.

The scoring ratio is always related to the highest score determined by a search, thus scores are not directly comparable across searches.

If the query does not include a fulltext search the value is 1.0f in most cases.


_id is an internal system column that is available on each indexed document and can be retrieved by a SELECT query from doc schema tables.

The value is a unique identifier for each row in a table and is a compound string representation of all primary key values of that row. If no primary keys are defined the id is randomly generated. If no dedicated routing column is defined the _id value is used for distributing the records on the shards.